Workshop of the World

  • Baldwin Locomotive Works, c. 1870
  • Baldwin Locomotive Works, production c. 1890
  • Baldwin Locomotive Works 1875
  • Kensington Mills

When Englishman Arthur Shadwell wrote Industrial Efficiency: A Comparative Study of Industrial Life in England, Germany and America (1909) he concluded that Philadelphia was “the greatest manufacturing city in the world,” according to his definition as a “manufacturing place [where] the industries are carried on in very large establishments on a great scale.” In its profound influence across industrial America, the wealth shared by all levels of its community, and, perhaps most tellingly, its ability to attract outsiders with knowledge, capital and energy, post-Civil War, Philadelphia was the industrial heart of the nation. © George E. Thomas